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Thursday, 10 December 2009

Golda Meir to Poland - Don't Send us any Useless Mouths



There will be those who are shocked at the revelation that Golda Meir, whose grandmotherly appearance belied a cold and cynical persona, told Poland under the Stalinists not to send sick or disabled Jews to the 'Jewish State'.

My friend Mark Elf, of Jewssansfrontieres attributes this to eugenicism and he is right. But that is not the whole story.
Throughout the Nazi era a policy of selectivity operated. Rescuing the elite at the expense of the masses. Israel only wanted, as Arthur Ruppin put it, the cream of the Jewish Diaspora. 'Good human material' no less.

Golda Meir's attitude to the sick and disabled was little different from that of Hitler, who described them as being 'useless mouths' who were to be 'awarded' a merciful death. In fact the death by hot exhaust fumes of the lorries that imprisoned them, was anything but merciful. But in 1941 an uproar led by the Christian Churches, made famous (wrongly) to Bishop Galen of Munster, brought a halt to this programme (called T4 after the street where it was planned) although it continued to be carried out in concentration camps rather than special hospitals.

Meir it was who launched the Zionist counter offensive at the 1938 Evian Conference. This conference was designed to put a gloss and halo around the Western countries in their refusal to admit the Jewish refugees from Nazi Germany. The Zionists were outraged that they weren't invited as representatives of the Jews, despite being a tiny minority at that time. They were also worried - what if countries do accept refugees won't that negate the need for a Jewish State?

They needn't have worried because no country bar tiny San Domingo agreed to accept any more refugees. San Domingo agreed to admit 100,000 Jews and that sent the Zionists into a panic.
Their 'logic' being that if countries other than Palestine could save Jews from Hitler, why bother building up a Jewish state. Good question, so they set about ensuring that no country would take Jewish refugees!

They call it 'cruel Zionism' because they can be as cruel to Jews as to Arabs when the mood takes them.
And just as in Argentina they didn't want the 'wrong sort' of Jews, so too in Israel. Tony Greenstein


Golda Meir told Poland: Don't send sick or disabled Jews to Israel


By Lily Galili, Haaretz Correspondent

In 1958, then-foreign minister Golda Meir raised the possibility of preventing handicapped and sick Polish Jews from immigrating to Israel, a recently discovered Foreign Ministry document has revealed.

"A proposal was raised in the coordination committee to inform the Polish government that we want to institute selection in aliyah, because we cannot continue accepting sick and handicapped people. Please give your opinion as to whether this can be explained to the Poles without hurting immigration,"
read the document, written by Meir to Israel's ambassador to Poland, Katriel Katz.

The letter, marked "top secret" and written in April 1958, shortly after Meir became foreign minister, was uncovered by Prof. Szymon Rudnicki, a Polish historian at the University of Warsaw.

In recent years, Rudnicki has been researching documents shedding light on Israeli-Polish relations between 1945 and 1967.

The document had not been known to exist before this time, and scholars of the mass immigration from Poland to Israel that took place from 1956 to 1958 were unaware of Israel's intent to impose a selection process on Jews leaving Poland - survivors of the Holocaust and its death camps.

The "coordination committee" Meir refers to was a joint panel consisting of representatives of the government and the Jewish Agency.

Rudnicki's study, undertaken together with Israeli scholars headed by Prof. Marcos Silber of the University of Haifa, has already been published in a book in Polish.

The Hebrew version of the book will be published in a few months. However, the document containing the suggestion about the selection process does not appear in the book because it did not impact relations between the two countries.
"Although there are numerous documents on the issue of immigration, we did not find in the archives of Israel or Poland - where they also opened the party archive for us - any response to this request by Golda to the ambassador in Poland," Rudnicki told Haaretz. "In this respect, the document remains an internal matter of Israel," he said.

However, Rudnicki concedes that the content of the document surprised him as a scholar and a Jew.

"This is a very cynical document," he said. "It is known that Golda was a brutal politician who defended interests more than people."

Katz died more than 20 years ago, and no proof has been found that anything was done regarding the foreign minister's query.

The 1956-1958 wave of immigration from Poland, also known as the "Gomulka Aliyah" was the second wave of immigration from Poland after World War II. In those years, due to a major lifting of restrictions on Jews leaving the country, some 40,000 Polish Jews came to Israel.

In the first wave, in 1950, Poland prevented anyone who had professions essential to Polish economy and society from leaving, including Jewish doctors and engineers. With the rise to power of president Wadyslaw Gomulka and his initiation of reforms at the beginning of what became known as the "Golmuka thaw," the Polish government allowed people with professions more in demand to leave the country, including Jews who had taken up senior positions in the Communist Party.

"Until 1950, there was indeed selection by the Poles on the basis of professions in demand," Rudnicki said. "After 1956 the Poles imposed no limitations, and certainly did not intentionally send handicapped and aged people to Israel. That is an Israeli story, not a Polish one," the historian said.

During the years to which the document refers, waves of immigration were also underway from other countries, placing a heavy burden on the young state.

Statistics show that the rate of immigration at that time was similar to that at the height of immigration from the former Soviet Union from 1990 to 1999.

8 comments:

Anonymous said...

not wanting to defend the Zionists or Golda Meir at all, but wouldn't a more accurate wording be: "so they set about pressuring other countries to take no Jewish refugees." "ensuring" makes it sound as if the Zionist movement had the clout to do this at the time.

Tony Greenstein said...

Yes at first sight this is right. Of course the Zionist movement had not positive say in who could take refugees. But in terms of the effect of this wicked campaign then they did indeed ensure that no country took refugees (in so far as they were able to do that).

If you step back and look at the situation, in countries like Sweden, Australia, Britain and the US there were campaigns to admit Jewish refugees. There were of course the same racist and fascist elements who, like today, oppose immigrants coming in (or particular groups of immigrants - then Jews).

So what happened, certainly in Britain but also elsewhere was that the Zionists too stood alongside the anti-Semites to proclaim that they didn't want Jewish refugees (because they said it would only create anti-Semitism).

The non-Jews, especially those looking for a pretext to bar entry to refugees, used the campaigns of the Zionists in order to defeat the campaign for free entry, in many cases simply saying that if the Jews could not agree among themselves how could they be expected to make a decision.

See the letter from Dr Solomon Schonfield in The Times of 6 June 1961, who wrote:
'My experience in 1942/3 was wholly in favour of a British readiness to help openly, constructively and totally, and that this readiness met with opposition from Zionist leaders who insisted on rescue to Palestine as the only form of help.'

Now one may not agree that there was unanimity in Britain to rescue European Jews, but for the Zionists to counterpose Palestine, which was not going to take refugees to Britain, was nothing less than being an accomplice to cold, cowardly murder. And that was what the Zionist movement was. An accomplice to murder when it came to saving refugees. It prioritised statehood over and above the rescue of Jews.

In short it was a movement of collaboration and co-operation with Nazism and anti-Semitism

bath mate said...

WOW NICE ARTICLE........

Bathmate

bathmate said...

Happy new year.
Very nice website.
I am impressed.
I like it very much.

Bathmate

Tony Greenstein said...

Thanks for your kind comments Bathmate. I try, time permitting, to post some articles which have some analysis as well as being descriptive as it is important that people have an understanding of the formation and ideological outlook of Zionism. Eg. it's fine arguing over the niceties of what happened in 1947-8, the Nakba, as to who said what to whom, but if you understand the aims and goals of Zionism from its formation then the Nakba was inevitable

Nick Matyas said...

Happy new year2010. this is outstanding blog for comment. awesome writing. Thanks a lot

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Tony Greenstein said...

Nick that is very kind but I wish I had more time in which to write. Some articles like that on the BBC took a long time to write because of the need to check sources and references. I find the pressure is to keep up to date with events as they happen, which can be destructive often of being able to think about an issue and research it.

As you get older time slips by far too quickly!!

The World Around Me said...

This is a very interesting perspective. The Zionist movement has lasted for a long time- it is one of the most powerful ideologies, possibly because some claim that it is deeply entrenched within Abrahamic religions (especially Judaism and Christianity), what amazes me is that the Islamic jihadist route seems to be anti-Zionist despite sharing many beliefs.