Israel Offered Nuclear Weapons to South Africa's Apartheid Government under Vorster
There is a certain irony in the fact that, in their determination to demonise Richard Goldstein, the South African judge who produced a report cataloguing some of Israel’s war crimes in Gaza, Israel’s racist propagandists hold themselves out to be shocked by the fact that in his role as a white judge under Apartheid, Goldstone sentenced at least 2 Black South Africans to death and turned down the appeals of others.
The right-wing daily Yediot Aharanot in an article of 7th May 2010 ‘Richard Goldstone - Apartheid's 'Hanging Judge' makes it clear what its agenda is by stating in its opening paragraph that ‘The Goldstone report has been widely condemned as totally biased against Israel.' Untrue. The Goldstone Report has been widely welcomed and it has been condemned only by Israel and the USA. Western governments who have voted against it or abstained have, without exception, failed to come up with any reason not to support it apart from a slavish adherence to US foreign policy.
It is because the Israeli government have been unable to criticise its content that they have sought to demonise Goldstone whilst at the same time refusing to hold an independent inquiry into their war crimes in Gaza.
No one is pretending that Goldstone is some latter-day saint nor that his role under Apartheid was anything to be proud of. Quite the contrary, he was part of the system of repression. The difference between him and his critics is that Goldstone saw the light and repented, playing an active part in bringing White South Africans to terms with the fact that Apartheid was coming to an end. If Goldstone was responsible for the death by hanging of 28 Black South Africans and other racist judgments that is to be deplored without reservation. But when the motive is the defence of the murder of 50 times that number of Palestinians then one gets the feeling that Zionism should be more concerned about the beam in its own eyes rather than the mote in others.
The fact is that Goldstone was a respected member, until recently, of the South African Jewish community. This community was distinguished by its vehement support of Israel and its equally fervent support of Apartheid. A deal had been done long ago with the Nationalists that in exchange for abandoning their anti-semitism South African Jews would renounce opponents of Apartheid in their midst. People like Joe Slovo were ostracised and they only discovered the black sheep of South Africa’s Jews when Apartheid was coming to an end. I hope to write a short piece coupled with some press cuttings on this subject on a later occasion.
Israel’s hypocritical critics are attacking Goldstone, not because of his role under Apartheid, but because of his Report criticising the Zionists’ massacres and blood-lust in Gaza last year.
To get some idea of the difference between Israel and South Africa one only has to note that the first massacre of non-violent protestors in South African that came to the attention of the public outside South Africa was the Sharpeville massacre in 1960 when some 70 Black South Africans demonstrating against the pass system were shot dead, most in the back. The Soweto massacre in 1976 under John Vorster killed an estimated 5-600 Africans.
By way of contrast, in Gaza, Over 1,400 people were killed in one month, including over 400 children. This is the real reason behind Israel’s transparently hypocritical attack on Goldstone, who certainly deserves criticism for his role under Apartheid. But the last people to criticise him should be members of this far-right Israeli government who are themselves dedicated to ruling over the land of the Palestinians whilst denying over 4 million, in Gaza and the West Bank, even a token vote. A ‘democratic’ Jewish society demands that Jews retain a majority, just as the Apartheid ‘democracy’ insisted on Whites doing likewise.
But of course these things come to haunt the accuser. Chris McGreal, who has a fine track record when it comes to uncovering the details of Israel’s collaboration with Apartheid has now written another article revealing how Israel, under its current President Shimon Peres (of Nobel Peace Prize fame!) offered the Apartheid regime nuclear warheads for its missiles. At a time when Iran is held to be a threat to peace, it is clear that the reason for US threats has nothing to do with threats to peace and everything to do with protecting US interests.
An excellent accompaniment to McGreal’s article is a comment piece by Gary Younge whose title says it all 'Israel's complicity in apartheid crimes undermines its attack on Goldstone'. His sub-title says it all: 'To rubbish the former judge's report on Gaza, Israel has dredged up his record in South Africa – while forgetting its own'. And another equally excellent article is that by Richard Silverstein.
Revealed: how Israel offered to sell South Africa nuclear weapons
Exclusive: Secret apartheid-era papers give first official evidence of Israeli nuclear weapons
Chris McGreal in Washington, The Guardian, Monday 24 May 2010,
Secret South African documents reveal that Israel offered to sell nuclear warheads to the apartheid regime, providing the first official documentary evidence of the state's possession of nuclear weapons.
The "top secret" minutes of meetings between senior officials from the two countries in 1975 show that South Africa's defence minister, PW Botha, asked for the warheads and Shimon Peres, then Israel's defence minister and now its president, responded by offering them "in three sizes". The two men also signed a broad-ranging agreement governing military ties between the two countries that included a clause declaring that "the very existence of this agreement" was to remain secret.
The documents, uncovered by an American academic, Sasha Polakow-Suransky, in research for a book on the close relationship between the two countries, provide evidence that Israel has nuclear weapons despite its policy of "ambiguity" in neither confirming nor denying their existence.
The Israeli authorities tried to stop South Africa's post-apartheid government declassifying the documents at Polakow-Suransky's request and the revelations will be an embarrassment, particularly as this week's nuclear non-proliferation talks in New York focus on the Middle East.
They will also undermine Israel's attempts to suggest that, if it has nuclear weapons, it is a "responsible" power that would not misuse them, whereas countries such as Iran cannot be trusted.
A spokeswoman for Peres today said the report was baseless and there were "never any negotiations" between the two countries. She did not comment on the authenticity of the documents.
South African documents show that the apartheid-era military wanted the missiles as a deterrent and for potential strikes against neighbouring states.
The documents show both sides met on 31 March 1975. Polakow-Suransky writes in his book published in the US this week, The Unspoken Alliance: Israel's secret alliance with apartheid South Africa. At the talks Israeli officials "formally offered to sell South Africa some of the nuclear-capable Jericho missiles in its arsenal".
Among those attending the meeting was the South African military chief of staff, Lieutenant General RF Armstrong. He immediately drew up a memo in which he laid out the benefits of South Africa obtaining the Jericho missiles but only if they were fitted with nuclear weapons.
The memo, marked "top secret" and dated the same day as the meeting with the Israelis, has previously been revealed but its context was not fully understood because it was not known to be directly linked to the Israeli offer on the same day and that it was the basis for a direct request to Israel. In it, Armstrong writes: "In considering the merits of a weapon system such as the one being offered, certain assumptions have been made: a) That the missiles will be armed with nuclear warheads manufactured in RSA (Republic of South Africa) or acquired elsewhere."
But South Africa was years from being able to build atomic weapons. A little more than two months later, on 4 June, Peres and Botha met in Zurich. By then the Jericho project had the codename Chalet.
The top secret minutes of the meeting record that: "Minister Botha expressed interest in a limited number of units of Chalet subject to the correct payload being available." The document then records: "Minister Peres said the correct payload was available in three sizes. Minister Botha expressed his appreciation and said that he would ask for advice." The "three sizes" are believed to refer to the conventional, chemical and nuclear weapons.
The use of a euphemism, the "correct payload", reflects Israeli sensitivity over the nuclear issue and would not have been used had it been referring to conventional weapons. It can also only have meant nuclear warheads as Armstrong's memorandum makes clear South Africa was interested in the Jericho missiles solely as a means of delivering nuclear weapons.
In addition, the only payload the South Africans would have needed to obtain from Israel was nuclear. The South Africans were capable of putting together other warheads.
Botha did not go ahead with the deal in part because of the cost. In addition, any deal would have to have had final approval by Israel's prime minister and it is uncertain it would have been forthcoming.
South Africa eventually built its own nuclear bombs, albeit possibly with Israeli assistance. But the collaboration on military technology only grew over the following years. South Africa also provided much of the yellowcake uranium that Israel required to develop its weapons.
The documents confirm accounts by a former South African naval commander, Dieter Gerhardt – jailed in 1983 for spying for the Soviet Union. After his release with the collapse of apartheid, Gerhardt said there was an agreement between Israel and South Africa called Chalet which involved an offer by the Jewish state to arm eight Jericho missiles with "special warheads". Gerhardt said these were atomic bombs. But until now there has been no documentary evidence of the offer.
Some weeks before Peres made his offer of nuclear warheads to Botha, the two defence ministers signed a covert agreement governing the military alliance known as Secment. It was so secret that it included a denial of its own existence: "It is hereby expressly agreed that the very existence of this agreement... shall be secret and shall not be disclosed by either party".
The agreement also said that neither party could unilaterally renounce it.
The existence of Israel's nuclear weapons programme was revealed by Mordechai Vanunu to the Sunday Times in 1986. He provided photographs taken inside the Dimona nuclear site and gave detailed descriptions of the processes involved in producing part of the nuclear material but provided no written documentation.
Documents seized by Iranian students from the US embassy in Tehran after the 1979 revolution revealed the Shah expressed an interest to Israel in developing nuclear arms. But the South African documents offer confirmation Israel was in a position to arm Jericho missiles with nuclear warheads.
Israel pressured the present South African government not to declassify documents obtained by Polakow-Suransky. "The Israeli defence ministry tried to block my access to the Secment agreement on the grounds it was sensitive material, especially the signature and the date," he said. "The South Africans didn't seem to care; they blacked out a few lines and handed it over to me. The ANC government is not so worried about protecting the dirty laundry of the apartheid regime's old allies."