|Father & Son - Bashir and Hafez al-Assad|
Assad & the Vortex of TerrorI went to a meeting tonight at Sussex University to hear Robin Yassin-Kassab, who is of mixed Syrian and English parentage, speak about the Syrian revolution and what has gone wrong. Sponsored by Sussex Friends of Syria society it was both illuminating and depressing.
|Devastation in the Syrian civil war|
|Protests at death of 6 people in Egypt|
Robin accurately described the grisly record of the Syrian regime of Bashir al-Assad and before that Haffez al-Assad. It is a regime to which the United States rendered prisoners to be tortured [see Daraa protests are the spark Syria needed] like Maher Arar who was kidnapped at John F Kennedy airport by US security and deported to Syria rather than Canada, even though he was a dual Canadian-Syrian citizen. He was tortured and detained for a year in Syria before being released back to Canada. The Canadian government compensated him for his terrible ordeal but it is noticeable that the US Courts refused to allow a challenge to the actions of the US government.It is a regime which has used barrel bombs and poison gas against civilians and which has killed the vast majority of the 250,000 people estimated to have died in the civil war, which uses torture as a matter of course and which ‘disappears’ those it tortures and kidnaps.
No one should believe that the road to revolution or peace in the Middle East goes through the Assad regime.
Likewise I have no doubt that he is right to say that Assad deliberately stimulated the growth of the Jihadi groups in Syria, both as a means of confessionalising the struggle and as a way of painting himself as the bulwark against Islamic terrorism. He did this by, amongst other things, releasing some 1,500 Islamists in 2011 at the same time as he was slaughtering demonstrators on the street.
There is also no doubt that the Russian intervention and bombing on the side of Assad has made the situation far worse and further that their intense bombing, which has primarily targeted the civilian resistance against Assad has caused mass civilian casualties. The Russian bombing has been targeted at civilian structures – schools, clinics and homes – and as such they have been guilty of war crimes. It is, in this context, a pity that Stop the War Coalition hasn’t been more outspoken in condemning the Russian attacks. Propping up Assad is not an answer to the present conflict.
I can even accept that many people joined Islamist groups like Jaysh al-Islam and Ahrar ash-Sham as a consequence of the oppressive qualities of the Assad regime. There is no doubt that the Free Syrian Army or components thereof deserve support in their battles against both the Assad regime and Isis, although the FSA have also allied with the Al Qaeda group al-Nusra Front.
If this were all that Yassin-Kassab had to say about the struggle of the different groups in Syria, then he would be worth listening to.
What Yassin-Kassab fails to perceive in what was often a rant against ‘leftists’ was that the Syrian revolution takes place in a context, viz. that Israel in particular wishes to see Syria split into its confessional parts – Sunni, Alawite, Kurdish. A scenario that the United States will not be disappointed with. In just the same way as the US attack on Iraq split the country into three and pitted Shi'ite against Sunni in a country where there had been little or no conflict between them before the invasion.
That is the context in which Hezbollah has come to the aid of the Assad regime. It is also, to a lesser extent the reason why the Iranian regime has become involved in propping up Assad.
For Israel and the United States, Hezbollah is undoubtedly the key target, as it is the only force in the Arab world to have defeated Israel, in 2006. The strengthening of imperialism will not, in the long terms, be of any comfort to the Syrian or the Iraq people.
What I most took exception to was Yassin-Kassab’s support for Turkey’s shelling of the Kurdish PYD, on the grounds that they were operating in Arab areas and presumably because they were fighting some of the murderous Turkomen groups. Yassin-Kassab also attacked the Kurdish PKK which is fighting against the genocidal Turkish regime of Erdogan in the South of Turkey. The PKK was a nasty Marxist group from what I could ascertain rather than the self-defence group that is overwhelmingly supported by the Kurdish people.
Whilst professing support for Kurdish self-determination Yassin-Kassab also supports repression by the Turkish state, which is somewhat at odds with support for the self-determination of the Syrian people. I wasn’t able to pursue the point because of the vigilance of Yassin-Kassab’s protectors at the meeting which suggests that this is rather a sore point.
I also interjected at the end of the meeting when Yassin-Kassab referred to fundamentalism in the region. I pointed out that much of it was a product of a deliberate strategy by the West. When I said that Saudi Arabia was the fount of fundamentalism in the region Yassin-Kassab demurred and when I pointed that the Saudi regime was a creation of British and then American imperialism he sought to locate the rise of the regime in the 17th century rather than as a product of the first world war and Britain’s sponsorship of Ibn Saud, which included both finance and weaponry, in his battles against his rivals in Arabia, in particular Sharif Hussein of Mecca [see Israel andSaudi Arabia - The Roots of a Special Relationship]. It is indicative of the fact that Yassin-Kassab fails to place the travails of the Syrian people in the context of Western imperialism.
See After Tunisia: Robin Yassin-Kassab on Syria and ‘I was terribly wrong’ - writers look back at the Arab spring five years on
Members of Egyptian group Ultras Nahdawy during a demonstration against the death of six people at anti-regime protests west of Cairo, July 2015. Photograph: Belal Wagdy/Anadolu Agency/Getty Images
Robin Yassin-Kassab’s book Burning Country: Syrians in Revolution and War, co‑written with Leila al-Shami, is published by Pluto.