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Thursday, 18 February 2016

From Israeli Censorship to World Internet Censorship & Dirty Tricks

Brig.-Gen.-Sima-Vaknin-Gil - reading one of the papers she censors
In the article below we see how Israel is fighting anti-Zionist and BDS on-line using a variety of dirty tricks and paid trolls.  But who is this Sima Vaknin-Gil, the director general of Israel's Ministry for Strategic Affairs and Public Diplomacy?  Well she is or was the Chief Military Censor in Israel.  As such she is eminently qualified to try and censor pro-Palestinian activists abroad.

Despite being the 'only democracy in the Middle East' Israel has a highly developed system of censorship which involves submitting articles prior to publication.  Included in realm of censorship is social media, which Israel is increasingly trying to control outside its borders via sweet heart deals with Facebook and Zuckenberg.

Censorship in Israel derives from the  British Colonial Military Regulations which were never repealed  The excuse is that Israel is in a permanent state of war which in turns derives from its permanent state of emergency.

Tony Greenstein

"I want to create a community of fighters," said Sima Vaknin-Gil, the director general of Israel's Ministry for Strategic Affairs and Public Diplomacy, to Israeli tech developers at a forum last month dedicated to the topic.
Anat Kamm - copied and leaked 2,000 Israeli Military Files - served 3.5 years, betrayed by Ha'aretz as source
But who is this Sima Vaknin-Gil?

She is the just retired Chief Military Censor who said the following in an in-depth interview in Hebrew some months ago:

Brig.-Gen.-Sima-Vaknin-Gil - Israel's former Chief Military Censor
Col. Ariella ben Avraham new chief military censor
BDS - the target of Israeli dirty tricks
* For the 8 o'clock evening news, the censor already sits at the TV news desk at 6pm and had managed to go through the whole line-up before going on air.

* "I find it very troubling that the work I've done was on uniform. It reminds me of such regimes that I do not wish to be associated with" she says, followed by "I can tell you that seniors in Israel, in the security services, share my view that censorship and democracy do not go hand in hand, and more so when it's censorship on uniform."

* Yisrael Ha'yom newspaper (the Adelson owned 'Bibiton') has a former military censor as its managing editor.

* “This strange agreement under which we live wouldn’t work if you and I didn’t come from the same place, in which you wish to do your job but don’t wish to harm security--and I must do my job, but don’t wish to harm freedom of speech. At the moment we understand that we both have identical interests, we can work under such an agreement. But this is something that only fits Israeli culture. It would never work in the US or in Britain.

* One incident which had, according to her, unexpected consequences had proven the tremendous power placed in the hands of the censorship. During the last week of 2008, the first day of Operation Cast Lead, two “Arab” reporters working for PressTV, Khader Shahin and Mohammed Sarchan were located by the border with Gaza and were reporting in real time on the movement of military forces. Through the direct intervention of Vaknin-Gil the two were arrested, brought to trial and convicted of negligently transmitting information to the enemy. They were both sentenced to two months in prison.

“This was my mistake,” says VG. “I didn’t know Khader Shahin. He’s not on my speed-dial like Roni or Yoav [Roni Daniel and Yoav Limor report for Israeli channels]. If they had made a mistake I would have called and told them: “Roni, stop talking about this, it’s forbidden.”
Anat Kamm - Israel's Julian Assange
I tried to reach Khader in a variety of ways but didn’t succeed. Finally, I activated the police in order to find them so that I could speak to him and explain that this was forbidden.

It turned out that by making the call to the police I activated the power of the censor in emergency. The request to locate him meant an automatic arrest for violating section 113 of the criminal code: transmitting information during wartime. This is a story I always tell about myself, that I didn’t understand the power of the censor. I didn’t understand that what I do can activate a power that is so serious, so draconian. Therefore I want to tell you, my friends--whoever thinks the censor has no power, they simply don't understand.”

Censorship in Israel: 'A unique model'

Censorship and democracy do not go together, says Sima Vaknin-Gil, Israel's chief censor, who says her job is to ensure 'the absolute minimal harm to free speech, while guarding the secrets only.'

May 03, 2010|By Batsheva Sobelman, Los Angeles Times
  • Appointed by Israel's defense minister, chief censor Sima Vaknin-Gil has tremendous powers but says she uses these sparingly, balancing state security and freedom of speech.
Appointed by Israel's defense minister, chief censor Sima Vaknin-Gil… (Batsheva Sobelman / Los…)
Reporting from Tel Aviv — Privy to the nation's top secrets, she keeps private ones pretty well too.
"She" is Sima Vaknin-Gil, Israel's chief censor. It's her job to keep sensitive information that could harm state security out of the media.
Appointed by the defense minister, she has tremendous powers but says she uses these sparingly, balancing state security and freedom of speech.
Most democratic countries balk at censorship, but a recent poll shows half of Israel's Jewish population believes that freedom of expression is too free in Israel.

Covertly, Israel prepares to fight boycott activists online

TEL AVIV, Israel (AP) — Israel is using its world-leading expertise in cyber security to take on the growing threat of the global pro-Palestinian movement to boycott Israel.

The Israeli government recently allotted nearly $26 million in this year's budget to combat what it sees as worldwide efforts to "delegitimize" the Jewish state's right to exist. Some of the funds are earmarked for Israeli tech companies, many of them headed by former military intelligence officers, for digital initiatives aimed at gathering intelligence on activist groups and countering their efforts.

"I want to create a community of fighters," said Sima Vaknin-Gil, the director general of Israel's Ministry for Strategic Affairs and Public Diplomacy, to Israeli tech developers at a forum last month dedicated to the topic.

Initiatives are largely being kept covert. Participants at the invite-only forum, held on the sidelines of a cyber technology conference, repeatedly stood up to remind people that journalists were in the room.

Among the government officials involved in the efforts are some of Israel's top secret-keepers, including Sima Shine, a former top official in the Mossad spy agency, and Vaknin-Gil, who recently retired as the chief military censor responsible for gag orders on state secrets.

Israel has established itself as a world leader in cyber technology innovation, fueled by graduates of prestigious and secretive military and security intelligence units. These units are widely thought to be behind some of the world's most advanced cyber-attacks, including the Stuxnet virus that attacked Iran's nuclear energy equipment last decade.

Each year, these units churn out a talent pool of Israelis who translate their skills to the corporate world. Now Israel is looking to harness their technological prowess for the fight to protect Israel's international image.

Vaknin-Gil said her ministry is encouraging initiatives to expose the funding and curb the activities of anti-Israel activists, as well as campaigns to "flood the Internet" with content that puts a positive face on Israel. She said some of these actions will not be publicly identified with the government, but that the ministry will not fund unethical or illegal digital initiatives.

Established about 10 years ago, the pro-Palestinian "BDS" campaign is a coalition of organizations that advocate boycotts, divestment and sanctions against Israel. Inspired by the anti-apartheid movement, BDS organizers say they are using nonviolent means to promote the Palestinian struggle for independence.

The movement has grown into a global network of thousands of volunteers, from campus activists to church groups to liberal Jews disillusioned by Israeli policies. They lobby corporations, artists and academic institutions to sever ties with Israel.

The movement has made inroads. U.S. and British academic unions have endorsed boycotts, student governments at universities have made divestment proposals, and some famous musicians have refused to perform in Israel. The BDS movement also claims responsibility for pressuring some large companies to stop or modify operations in Israel. In its latest push, it has urged top Hollywood actors to reject a government-paid trip to Israel being offered to leading Oscar nominees.

Omar Barghouti, co-founder of the BDS movement, said "quite a few web pages" that BDS websites linked to have mysteriously disappeared from the Internet.

"We assume Israel's cyber sabotage is ongoing, but we are quite pleased that its detrimental impact on the global BDS movement has been dismal so far," he said.

Israel says the movement is rooted in anti-Semitism and seeks not to change Israeli policies, but ultimately to put an end to the Jewish state.

Many online activists driving anti-Israeli campaigns on social media are tech-savvy, second- and third-generation Muslims in Europe and the U.S. who have grievances against the West and also lead online campaigns against European and U.S. governments, said Elad Ratson, who tracks the issue for Israel's Foreign Ministry and spoke at last month's cybersecurity forum.

He said they often create code that allows activists to blast thousands of messages from social media accounts — creating the illusion that many protesters are sharing the same anti-Israel or anti-West message online.

Israeli officials lobby Facebook to remove pages it says incite violence against Israelis, and there has been talk of advancing legislation to restrict Facebook in Israel. A Facebook representative met with Strategic Affairs Minister Gilad Erdan in Israel last week about the matter.

Ratson said social media giants are beginning to close inciting users' accounts. Twitter said in a statement this month that since mid-2015, it has closed more than 125,000 accounts that were "threatening or promoting terrorist acts, primarily related to ISIS," the Islamic State group. But he said Islamist activists are simply moving to "Darknet" sites not visible on the open internet.

Some Israeli tech companies are starting to build sly algorithms to restrict these online activists' circle of influence on the "Darknet," so activists think their message is reaching others when in fact it is being contained, Ratson said.

Other Israeli companies work on forensic intelligence gathering, such as detecting digital or semantic signatures buried in activists' coding so they are able to track and restrict their online activity.
Firewall Israel, a non-profit initiative sponsored by the Reut Institute, an Israeli think tank, is building an online platform to help pro-Israel activists around the world communicate about anti-Israel activism in their communities. At a recent event the initiative held at Campus Tel Aviv, a Google-sponsored event space for entrepreneurs, an Israeli web expert taught young activists how to mine the internet for BDS activities.

"Delegitimizers are engaged in a Disneyland of hate," Igal Ram of Firewall Israel told seminar participants. "We want to act against the people who run the Disneyland ... and the useful idiots who help."

Inspiration, an Israeli intelligence analysis company founded by Ronen Cohen and Haim Pinto, former military intelligence officers, launched a technological initiative some months ago to collect intelligence on BDS organizations in Europe, particularly Scandinavian countries, the U.S., and South America, Cohen said. He said the initiative aims to dismantle the infrastructure of groups he said were responsible for incitement and anti-Semitism against Israel. He declined to give specifics.

"It's no different than an operation, which you sometimes read about in the newspaper, in Syria or Lebanon," Cohen said. "It's the kind of thing that, if you want to do it in the future ... you can't work in the open."

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